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Títol: Design of a PMS for the West-North arrival configuration of the Barcelona Airport

Director: BARRADO MUXÍ, Cristina

Departament: DAC

Títol: Design of a PMS for the West-North arrival configuration of the Barcelona Airport

Data inici oferta: 21-01-2020     Data finalització oferta: 21-09-2020


Estudis d'assignació del projecte:
    GR ENG SIST AEROESP
Tipus: Individual
 
Lloc de realització: EETAC
 
Paraules clau:
Point merge, Airspace, Capacity, Noise, Environment, Approach
 
Descripció del contingut i pla d'activitats:
This project will design and study the economic and
environmental benefits of a new approach to the Barcelona
airport based on the Point Merge System (PMS) concept and for
the West-North airport configuration. To analyse the
improvements of the new procedure we will consider the flight
time, the flight distance, and the noise impact. The use of
the IMPACT tool, licensed from Eurocontrol and able to
simulate and measure the noise propagation, is a secondary,
but important objective of the project.
This project complements 2 previous works on PMS, specially
the one proposing a PMS for the East-South airport
configuration.
The PMS concept was created by Eurocontrol and is being
deployed in several airports as part of the SESAR framework.
The PMS aims at avoiding holding patterns, reducing the
airborne delay and the burnt fuel, thus improving the
environmental impact. PMS can also increase the airspace
capacity and safety by reducing the workload of the
controllers in charge of the approaches. The system is already
available at important European cities as Dublin, Oslo or
Fuerteventura.
The design of a new arrival will affect the current other
arrivals and also the departure procedures. In some cases
neighbour airport traffic can also be affected and thus
considered in the design.
 
Overview (resum en anglès):
In this project a new arrival procedure for the West-North configuration of the Barcelona Airport has been designed with the main objective of reducing noise impact in populated areas. To do that, three different options of point merge system have been deployed. The first one, located over Mediterranean Sea with two parallel legs with 90º aperture at FL100 and FL120 at 20 NM and 22 NM of the merge point, respectively. The second one, double PMS, i.e. two systems that are linked with a common point, with the same main characteristics of the previous one but with an aperture of 80º. And the last one, just the same as the second one but with an aperture of 70º.

All designs have been deployed as RNP systems, making easier to select points in the airspace. Furthermore, all systems comply with recommendations of statal and international organizations such as FAA, Eurocontrol and ICAO. Moreover, possible existing conflict routes have been analysed and modified in case of loss of separation between flows.

Main benefits and drawbacks of these three designs have been tested and compared with current procedures using Impact and Rams Plus. The tested characteristics are noise impact (in area and population), flown distance (hence, burned fuel during approach), ATC workload and the capacity of the system. To do the simulations real traffic extracted from Nest (28th June 2015) have been used and simulated to extract the new routes.

After the simulations, the results determined that the less noisy design is the first one; the minimum flown distance is achieved with current procedures, but of the three proposed designs the shorten is the second one. Referring to ATC workload, the less stressful is the first one. Finally, the maximum capacity is achieved using the second design.

Therefore, as the first design has less noise impact, it is selected as the best one. However, the increase in flown distance can be a problem to implement the new systems, hence a balance between different options have to be done to satisfy all involved parts. Finally, it can be said that the main objective of reducing noise impact has been achieved.


Data de generació 26/01/2021