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Projecte llegit

Títol: Evaluation of a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) using LoRaWAN and Sigfox for environmental and agricultural measurements for Internet of Things (IoT)

Estudiants que han llegit aquest projecte:

Director: POLO CANTERO, Josep

Departament: EEL

Títol: Evaluation of a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) using LoRaWAN and Sigfox for environmental and agricultural measurements for Internet of Things (IoT)

Data inici oferta: 04-02-2020     Data finalització oferta: 04-10-2020


Estudis d'assignació del projecte:
    MU MASTEAM 2015
Tipus: Individual
 
Lloc de realització: EETAC
 
Paraules clau:
IoT, LoRaWAN, LoRa, Sigfox, LPWAN, TheThingsNetwork
 
Descripció del contingut i pla d'activitats:
Internet of Things (IoT) is increasingly every day. IoT means that each device is connected to the network, Internet, to send and to receive data. It is estimated that by 2020 there could be around 5000 million objects.

Many of these devices are nodes with few resources: little memory, low computing power, low energy and they are autonomous. Wireless sensor networks (WSN) are composed of these types of devices. They are networks of sensors nodes that measure parameters from environment or crops, store these measures and transmit to a control centre. Such nodes must be autonomous, no or very low maintenance, so they must have very low consumption and/or obtain their energy from their environment.

The objective is to compare a network using LoRaWAN and Sigfox. They have a renge of several kilometres.
 
Overview (resum en anglès):
The Internet of Things approach is widely spreading among many areas in our society, in order to manage a lot of devices and gather valuable data from the environment to optimise processes. This project proposes the application of IoT in agriculture and environmental measurements to enhance the control and performance of them.
IoT involves different technologies with different features, therefore it is important to select them to accomplish the application requirements in terms of power consumption, coverage distance and bandwidth. Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) technologies becomes a suitable and reliable solution for the proposed applications, providing extremely high coverage areas at low power consumption and data rates.
Two architectures are proposed to achieve the solution using LoRaWAN and Sigfox, which are the most extended LPWAN technologies: the first one consists in the deployment of a conventional LoRaWAN architecture, integrating nodes to gather the data from the sensors, a gateway to centralise the received information, and a network server acting as a bridge to the final applications. The other one proposes and builds a hybrid Sigfox – LoRa architecture to take advantage of the benefits of both technologies simultaneously and implements own protocols to communicate the three types of devices that take place in the network: nodes and Sigfox and LoRa gateways.
The process involves the configuration and development of all the IoT architecture layers from a hardware and software point of view, involving the end nodes, the concentrators or gateways, the network servers and the final integration to the user-end applications, concluding with a final evaluation and comparison of the proposed solutions performance.


Data de generació 26/01/2021